A New Moon, Author: Issa Abbasi


A new moon marks the beginning of the next Islamic month.  Just like the Gregorian calendar, the Islamic calendar has twelve months, but instead revolves around the moon rather than the sun.  On Friday, December 18, 2009, a new moon was spotted marking the beginning of the Islamic month Muharram and the new Hijra year (1431).  This month has much significance and many benefits in it and will be closely examined in this post.

As stated, Muharram is the first month of the Islamic (Hijri) calendar and is one of four sacred months (the other three being Dhul-Qa’dah, Dhul-Hijjah and Rajab).  I know what you’re all thinking, “what about Ramadan?”  Well, Ramadan is the most sanctified month of the year, but the four aforementioned months’ sanctity was accepted by the pagans of Makkah (Source: http://www.albalagh.net/general/muharram.shtml).

So, why was this month so special?  Abu Hurayrah (r.a.) said: “The Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: ‘The best of fasting after Ramadan is fasting Allah’s month of Muharram (reported by Muslim).”

We should all especially do our best to fast the day(s) around Ashura.  The day of Ashura is the 10th day of Muharram and is the most sacred of all days.  This day used to be an observed fast by the Jews because it was a righteous day.  It was the day Allah s.w.t. saved the Children of Israel from Pharaoh and so Musa (a.s.) fasted on this day.  Upon hearing of this , the Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him), said “We are more closely related to Musa (a.s.) than you,” and directed the Muslims to fast on the day of ‘Ashura’ (Abu Dawood).”  The Prophet (peace be upon him) also practiced fasting days around Ashura, either the 9th day of the month or the 11th, or the 9th, 10th and 11th together.  The 9th of Muharram will inshaAllah be Saturday December 26th with the 10th being the next day, Sunday, December 27th, 2009.  Let us do our best inshaAllah to establish the fast on what we can from these days.  (Source: http://www.albalagh.net/general/muharram.shtml).

Fasting the Day of ‘Aashoora is an expiation of a year of sins. The Prophet sal Allahu alayhi wa sallam said: “Fasting the day of Arafah I hope Allah will expiate thereby for the year before it and the year after it, and fasting the day of ‘Aashoora I hope Allah will expiate thereby for the year that came before it.” [Muslim]

Doing extra good deeds in this month has a greater reward than other months as exhibited by the following hadith:

“Verily, the number of months with Allah is twelve (in a year): It was so ordained, by Allah on the Day when He created the heavens and the earth; of them, four are sacred. That is the right religion, so wrong not yourselves therein…” [al-Tawbah 9:36], that good deeds done during the four sacred months bring a greater reward. (Ibn Katheer)

What other good deeds can be done in this month besides fasting?

  • Increasing in duaa when you are fasting. “The prayer (duaa) of the fasting person will not be refused.” [Al-Bayhaqi, Saheeh]
  • Qiyaamul Layl. The Prophet sal Allahu alayhi wa sallam said in the hadeeth, “and the best prayer after the obligatory prayer is prayer at night.” [Muslim] In this month we can complete two deeds that the Salaf encouraged in winter. Al Hasan Al Basri rahimahullah said, “The best season to a believer is the winter, its nights are long for those who wish to pray, and its days are short for those who wish to fast.”
  • Protecting yourself from sins. Allah azza wa jal said about the sacred months, “so wrong not yourselves therein” (9:36)

(Source:  http://muslimmatters.org/2009/12/18/the-month-of-allah-muharram)

May Allah s.w.t. accept all our fasts and good deeds in this month!

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~ by Yousaf on December 21, 2009.

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